Production of Fritillaria imperialis L. Bulbs Using Different Methods and Monitoring the Development of Bulb Groups Under Export Size

Document Type : Original Article


1 Landscape and Ornamental Plants Program, Yalova Vocational High School, Yalova University, Yalova, Turkey

2 Emeritus Professor of Horticulture


This study was carried out in two regions: Küçükdeliller village in Osmangazi district in Bursa province (altitude: 1100 m) and Yalova (altitude: 5 m). In the study, an incubation room (with an average of 20.33°C and 88.2% relative humidity) belonging to Yalova Atatürk Horticultural Central Research Institute and a warehouse with uncontrolled conditions were used. In this study, it was aimed to reproduce Fritillaria imperialis L. by different methods in different regions outside its natural distribution area and to monitor the development course of bulb groups under export size (10/12, 12/14, and 14/16 cm) in these locations. The best result in the reproduction of Fritillaria imperialis L. was obtained from the practice of incubating, cross-cutting application in the Küçükdeliller ecology, and the chipping application after the incubation process in the same ecology. Although there were losses in the number of bulb planted in both regions in the bulb groups under export size, increases in weight and circumference of the bulbs have been found over the years, especially in Küçükdeliller ecology. As a result of the research, it was determined that the ecology of Küçükdeliller is significantly better than the ecology of Yalova regarding the growth of bulb under export size.